Anger is a powerful emotion that, if left unchecked, can have harmful effects on our lives. Lord Krishna, in the Bhagavad-Gita, teaches us timeless wisdom about the destructive nature of anger and the importance of mastering this emotion. In Chapter 2, Verse 62-63, Lord Krishna explains the root and consequences of anger on our judgment, memory, and intellect. By understanding and controlling anger, we can unlock a path to inner peace and pave the way for success in all aspects of life.
Lord Krishna describes in Chapter 2, Verse 62-63 of Bhagavad-Gita as
ध्यायतो विषयान्पुंस: सङ्गस्तेषूपजायते |
सङ्गात्सञ्जायते काम: कामात्क्रोधोऽभिजायते || 62||
dhyāyato viṣhayān puṁsaḥ saṅgas teṣhūpajāyate
saṅgāt sañjāyate kāmaḥ kāmāt krodho ’bhijāyate
क्रोधाद्भवति सम्मोह: सम्मोहात्स्मृतिविभ्रम: |
स्मृतिभ्रंशाद् बुद्धिनाशो बुद्धिनाशात्प्रणश्यति ||63||
krodhād bhavati sammohaḥ sammohāt smṛiti-vibhramaḥ
smṛiti-bhranśhād buddhi-nāśho buddhi-nāśhāt praṇaśhyati
dhyāyataḥ—contemplating; viṣhayān—sense objects; puṁsaḥ—of a person; saṅgaḥ—attachment; teṣhu—to them (sense objects); upajāyate—arises; saṅgāt—from attachment; sañjāyate—develops; kāmaḥ—desire; kāmāt—from desire; krodhaḥ—anger; abhijāyate—arises
krodhāt—from anger; bhavati—comes; sammohaḥ—clouding of judgement; sammohāt—from clouding of judgement; smṛiti—memory; vibhramaḥ—bewilderment; smṛiti-bhranśhāt—from bewilderment of memory; buddhi-nāśhaḥ—destruction of intellect; buddhi-nāśhāt—from destruction of intellect; praṇaśhyati—one is ruined
Through contemplation on sensory objects, attachment to them arises. From attachment, desire is born, and from desire emerges anger. (Chapter 2, Verse 62)
Anger clouds one’s judgment, leading to confusion and the loss of memory. When memory is bewildered, the intellect becomes destroyed, and with the destruction of intellect, one meets their downfall. (Chapter 2, Verse 63)
These verses from the Bhagavad-Gita shed light on the progression from attachment to desire to anger. They highlight how indulging in sensory experiences can lead to an attachment that fuels desires. When those desires are unfulfilled, anger arises.
These verses offer valuable insights into the interconnected nature of our emotions and the importance of self-control. By understanding this progression, we can embark on a transformative path towards inner peace and fulfillment.
Furthermore, the verses emphasize the negative consequences of anger. It clouds our ability to think clearly, causing confusion and impairing our memory. As a result, our intellect, which enables us to make sound judgments, is gradually destroyed. Ultimately, the destruction of intellect paves the way for personal downfall.
These teachings serve as a reminder of the importance of self-awareness and self-control. By recognizing the chain of events that leads from attachment to anger to the destruction of intellect, we can strive to break free from these patterns. Cultivating mindfulness, emotional balance, and clarity of thought allows us to overcome anger and make wise decisions, leading to personal growth and success.