Mangueshi Temple, Goa

Mangueshi Temple, Goa
Mangueshi Temple, Goa

Located in the serene village of Mangeshi in Priol, Goa, the Shri Manguesh Temple is dedicated to Bhagavan Manguesh, an incarnation of Lord Shiva. Bhagavan Mangesh is worshipped here as Shiva linga. Shri Manguesh Temple holds immense spiritual significance for many Goud Saraswat Brahmins, serving as the kuldevta (family deity) for their community.

Legend: The Divine Manifestation and Sacred Linga

According to the legend associated with Shri Manguesh Temple, an intriguing incident involving Lord Shiva and his wife Parvati unfolded. Lord Shiva took the form of a tiger to playfully frighten Parvati. Overwhelmed with fear, Parvati sought the protection of her beloved husband and called out, “Trahi Mam girisha!” which translates to “Oh Lord of Mountains, save me!” Upon hearing Parvati’s cry, Shiva reverted to his original form. The words “mam girisha” became synonymous with Shiva, and over time, they evolved into the name Manguirisha or Manguesh.

The Mangesh Linga, considered highly sacred, holds a significant place in the temple’s history. It is believed that the linga was initially consecrated on the mountain of Mangireesh (Mongir) along the banks of the Bhagirathi River by Lord Brahma. The Saraswat Brahmins subsequently brought the linga to Trihotrapuri in Bihar. Carrying this revered symbol of divinity, they traveled to Gomantaka (Goa) and eventually settled in Mormugao, located on the banks of the Zuari River, known as Kushasthali (modern-day Cortalim). It was at this site that the Saraswat Brahmins established their most sacred temple, which continues to be the abode of the Mangesh Linga to this day.

History: Origins and Renovations

Shri Manguesh Temple traces its origins to the village of Kushasthali Cortalim, which faced the invading Portuguese forces in 1543. In response to the Portuguese’s initiation of Christian conversions in Mormugão taluka in 1560, the Saraswat Brahmins belonging to the Kaundinya Gotra and Vatsa Gotra made a significant decision. They relocated the revered Mangesh Linga from its original site in Kushasthali or Cortalim, situated on the banks of the Aghanashini River (Zuari or Sancoale), to its present location in Mangeshi, Priol village of Atrunja Taluka. This move ensured the safety and preservation of the linga. At that time, the region was under the rule of the Hindu kings of Sonde of Antruz Mahal (Ponda), providing a more secure environment for the temple.

Over the years, the temple has undergone multiple reconstructions and renovations. It was rebuilt and renovated twice during the Maratha rule and underwent another significant renovation in 1890. The final renovation took place in 1973 when a golden kalasha (holy vessel) was placed atop the temple’s tallest dome, adding a touch of grandeur to the structure. The current temple complex, known for its architectural splendor, was constructed during the Maratha period, approximately 150 years after the linga was moved. In 1739, the Peshwas, influenced by their loyal follower Shri Ramchandra Malhar Sukhtankar, donated the village of Mangeshi to the temple. Despite the subsequent Portuguese acquisition of the area in 1763, the temple remained untouched due to the Portuguese’s growing religious tolerance and acceptance of different faiths.

Architecture: Exquisite Beauty and Serene Atmosphere

The history of Shri Manguesh Temple is closely intertwined with its architectural evolution. The original site of the temple was a humble structure, but it was under the patronage of the Marathas, approximately 150 years after its relocation, that the current magnificent temple was constructed. Despite the passage of time and various renovations, the temple has preserved its unique charm and spiritual essence.

The 450-year-old Shri Mangesh Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva stands out with its simple yet exquisitely elegant architecture. Within the temple complex, one cannot miss the presence of the prominent Nandi Bull, an iconic symbol associated with Lord Shiva. It stands as a guardian, radiating a sense of serenity and devotion. Another striking feature is the seven-story deepstambha (lamp tower), a magnificent structure that graces the temple grounds. This tall tower symbolizes the divine light that guides devotees on their spiritual journey.

The temple also boasts a magnificent water tank, believed to be the oldest part of the entire complex. This sacred water body holds its own spiritual significance and adds to the overall splendor and sanctity of the temple.

Stepping into the temple complex, one enters the Sabha Griha, a spacious hall capable of accommodating over 500 individuals. The hall’s decor includes chandeliers from the nineteenth century, further enhancing the architectural grandeur. From the Sabha Griha, the central part leads to the Garbha Griha, the inner sanctum where the consecrated image of Lord Mangesh is enshrined. This sacred space beckons devotees to offer their prayers and seek divine blessings.

In addition to the main deity, the temple complex houses shrines dedicated to other deities such as Nandikeshvar, Gajanan, Bhagavati, and the Gramapurusha Deva Sharma of the Vatsa Gotra. The subsidiary shrines located at the rear of the main building are dedicated to Devtas like Mulakeshwar, Virabhadra, Saanteri, Lakshminarayana, Suryanarayan, Garuda, and Kala Bhairav. These shrines add to the spiritual vibrancy and cultural richness of the temple.

The Shri Manguesh Temple stands as a testament to architectural brilliance and serves as a serene sanctuary for devotees. Its harmonious blend of simplicity, elegance, and divine energy continues to attract visitors from far and wide, offering a place of solace, worship, and spiritual contemplation.


Shri Manguesh Temple is renowned for its vibrant celebrations and festivals. The annual festivals include Rama Navami, Akshaya Tritiya, Navaratri, Dussera, Diwali, and Mahashivratri. The Magha Poornima Festival, known as Jatrotsav, is a grand affair that spans several days, attracting devotees from far and wide. These festivals showcase the rich cultural heritage of Goa and offer visitors an opportunity to immerse themselves in the devotional fervor of the temple.

Temple Timings:

Shri Manguesh Temple is open for devotees and visitors on all days of the week. The temple timings are as follows:

– Morning: 5:30 am to 12:30 pm

– Afternoon: 1:30 pm to 8:30 pm

It is advisable to check the timings before planning your visit, as they may be subject to change during festivals or special occasions.

How to Reach:

Shri Manguesh Temple is conveniently located in Mangeshi Village, Ponda taluk, Goa. Here are some common ways to reach the temple:

By Air: The nearest airport is Dabolim Airport, approximately 32 km from the temple. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or use other transportation options to reach the temple.

By Train: The nearest railway station is Karmali Railway Station, located about 17 km away. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach the temple.

By Road: The temple is easily accessible by road, and various modes of transportation, such as taxis, auto-rickshaws, and buses, are available from Panaji (21 km) and Margao (26 km). It takes approximately one hour to reach the temple from both cities.


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