Makar Sankranti is one of the most important Hindu festival celebrated in India every year. This festival is also known as Pongal, Lohri, Magh Bihu, Maghi Sankrant and Makaravilakku across the country.
It marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn (also known as Makara). Also it marks the beginning of a new year in many parts of India. This day denotes end of the winter solstice and the days begin to get longer and warmer after this.
People all over India celebrates the festival with great enthusiasm and joy. People worship God Surya (the Sun God) for providing abundant harvest. People are taking holy bath in rivers, go to the temple and performing special pooja rituals. People from many places gather to take a bath in the Ganges River and performs pooja.
The festival is celebrated by the ripening of winter crops and the start of a new harvesting season. People also often eat sweets made of jaggery and sesame on this day. Families, neighbours and friends come together to celebrate the festival with traditional food, songs and dance. Kite festival is also observed many places across the country. People observe this day by flying kites.