Govardhan Puja also known as Annakut or Annakoot, is celebrated on Pratipada of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. The special significance of Govardhan Puja is observed in the victory of Lord Krishna over Lord Indra. Here is the mythological story and worship method of Govardhan Puja.
According to Hindu mythology, on this day the people of Vrindavan used to worship Lord Indra for a good harvest. As Lord Indra was proud of his powers and position, Lord Krishna created a Leela to end it.
Lord Krishna explained to the people of Vrindavan that due to the fertile land of Govardhan mountain, grass grows there, which cows, bulls and cattle graze. Only then you people get milk and these animals help in plowing the field. So you people Leave the worship of Indra and worship Mount Govardhan.
Hearing this, Lord Indra became very angry and he made heavy rain in Vrindavan. To avoid this wrath of Indra, Krishna lifted the entire Govardhan mountain on the little finger of his left hand. All the Vrindavan residents came under that mountain and saved themselves from the heavy rain. Indra continued to rain for seven consecutive days.
To know this, he reached Lord Brahma and told him the whole thing. Then Lord Brahma told Indra that the Lord Krishna is a real part of Lord Vishnu. Lord Indra was very ashamed after hearing this talk of Lord Brahma. He said to Shri Krishna that Lord, I could not recognize you because of my arrogance. You are kind, so forgive my mistake. After this mythological event, Govardhan worship started being done.
Govardhan puja worship method
People bathe cows, bulls, etc., and worship them with sandalwood, flower garlands, incense etc.
Aarti is performed by feeding sweets to the cows.
By making Govardhan mountain out of cow dung, they worship and circumambulate by lighting a lamp of Roli, rice, water, Molly, flowers and oil.
Along with this, they also worship Lord Shri Krishna.
56 Bhog is offered to Lord Shri Krishna. After this the prasad is distributed.
It is said that by worshiping in this way, poverty does not reside in the house and the house is always full of money and food.